In memory of his deceased wife Rosangpuii Varte, Pu K.Chhawnthuama erected this three-storey mausoleum estimated to cost 100 Lakhs in the premises of his residence in Durtlang, Aizawl which was the talk of the town in the previous years. “K” stands for “Khawlhring (K.Chhawnthuama)” and “V” stands for “Varte (Rosangpuii Varte)”, therefore “KV” is the brand name of this family. This couple established a school named “KV Multipurpose School” at the same location of “KV Paradise”. The wife died in 2001 in a motor accident, and in her memorial, Mr. K. Chhawnthuama built the so called “Mizo Taj Mahal” and many people visited this site every day.
Aizawl Theological College:
Aizawl Theological College was started in 1907 as a humble theological school to train native Christians for various ministries of the church. Rev. D.E. Jones, popularly known as Pu Zosaphluia among the Mizos was the first missionary to take up the task of establishing a theological school in Aizawl. (It should be remembered that the first Mizo Christians were baptised only in 1899). This small theological school continued to survive during the difficult period of the First World War. Theologically trained Mizo pastors such as Rev. Chhuahkhama, Rev. Liangkhaia and Rev. Saiaithanga were instrumental in running the school in its early stage. Now, it offers courses like BD, M.Th., BCS, etc.
Aizâwl Theological College is an ecumenical institution. It has students (both men and women) hailing from various Protestant Churches in North East India and neighbouring places. It is wholly financed by the Mizoram Presbyterian Church having an annual budget of a little over One Crore Rupees. The Synod Theological Education Board acts as the Governing Board of the college.
The College is located at the top of a mountain (at Durtlang), north of Aizawl, the state capital of Mizoram. The College Campus is one of the best spots for viewing Aizawl City on day time and night.
Kalvari Hospital (TNT):
The so called “TNT” (Kalvari Hospital) is the most famous Christian De-Addiction Centre and Shelter for the Homeless is located at Zuangtui, in Aizawl City. The TNT (“Thutak Nunpuitu Team” which means “Who practice the Truth in Life”) was founded by one-man mission by Mr. Sangthankima in 1988. It had only one homeless person when it was founded. TNT runs a centre where destitute children, orphans, AIDS victims, drug addicts, alcoholics and mentally challenged people are looked after by volunteers.
The hospital accommodates about 226 physically disabled and mentally handicapped people, approximately 300 drug addicts, and more than 394 orphans who rely entirely on donations and gifts from churches and individuals for food and clothing. 68 volunteers look after these needy people without any salary or remuneration.
The orphans are brought to the hospital not only from Mizoram but also from several neighboring states such as Manipur, Assam, and Tripura. Some come from as far as Myanmar.
TNT has its own School and Sports Academy. The institution and the training is so excellent; as many as 23 people who has been healed from this centre became Missionary today, TNT Pipe Band which comprises of small boys is always engaged in the important ceremonial function in Mizoram, TNT Choir is very famous, Calvary School contingents always became Rank Holder in the Indian Independence Day and Republic Day Parade, TNT team always became Winner in various sports competitions in the state and even in the National Level. Union Biblical Seminary in associate with Asbury Theological Seminary, Kentucky, USA conferred Doctor of Humane Letter to the Founder of TNT, Mr. Sangthankima for his distinguished service for humanity.
Martarte Thlan (The Martyrs’ Memorial):
A striking Martyrs’ Memorial is located at Luangmual, Aizawl. It was constructed in memory of Volunteers of the Mizo National Army (later on Mizo National Front) who sacrificed their lives for the sake of Mizos and Mizoram during Freedom Movement between 1956 and 1986.
The Millennium Centre, an urban shopping complex maintained by a Society, “The Millennium Centre Authority” and wholly owned by the Government of Mizoram stands at the heart of the Capital City, Aizawl. The building is equipped with parking space for a sizeable number of medium sized vehicles, 333 numbers of shop units, escalators, elevators, state-of-the-art-electrical panel systems and automatic power backup, hydrant systems, alarm detection system together with sprinkler system. The structure of the entire building is expected to be one of the firmest and most advanced in the entire state.
The building cover area is 3370 Sqm. The building is G + 3 floors with one basement currently utilized as parking area. There are 3 Floors + Ground Floor + Basement. The total floor area is 16549.00 Sqm. There is Parking space in the Basement which can accommodate 120 Cars and 90 Two Wheelers.
Pu Laldenga was Chief Minister of Mizoram State in Northastern India from 1986 till 1988. Prior to that, he had led the secessionist Mizo National Front from 1960 until its disbanding following Mizo Accord with Rajiv Gandhi in 1986. Laldenga, a bank clerk in Aizawl advocated the view that the Mizos were not Indians since they had been virtually left alone by the British.
His demands for separation from India became popular after the great famine of the late 1950s when starvation stalked the hills following the mautam, Assam failed to rush the needed supplies in time to its eastern most district, creating both bitterness and the foundation for Laldenga’s Mizo National Front (MNF). MNF declared independence and called on the Mizos to rise against India. For the next 20 years, violence continued in the Mizo hills. After secret meetings in Europe with Indian officials, he returned seeking a peaceful resolution of the problem. Peace Accord was signed between the Govt. of India and MNF.
Mizoram became a full Indian state and Laldenga its interim chief minister before his MNF won the first elections to the state legislature. However, defections toppled him from office. He died in 1990 of lung cancer at the age of 63.
“Laldenga London” is a cave nearby a road on way to Reiek Peak, it is said that Laldenga used to hide himself in this cave while pretending to be in London, and commanded his army from here during the insurgency period.
In Ailawng near Reiek, about 30 kms from Aizawl in the west, there is a cave named after Khuangchera, the legendary Mizo warrior who lived in here in the late 19th Century, and was known for his unsurpassed heroic deeds and stubborn resistance to the early British army expedition that cost him his life. The story goes that in Khuangchera’s days, the villagers got water from a spring flowing out of a narrow cave which everyone feared to enter out of superstition. A debate went on whether another cave up on the other side of the hill was connected with it since water was seen flowing in there without any visible outlet elsewhere in the vicinity, but no man had the courage to prove it.
Finally, Khuangchera decided to get to the bottom of it. Using a large torch of split bamboos, he went inside the cave and after some time, he emerged from the other end, and so proved for once and for all that the two cave mouths joined a single underground passage through the hill. However, he was said to be struck down by a serious illness for some days soon after this, which only served to aggravate the villagers’ fear of the cave. After this, it was only in the early eighties that a full exploration of the cave was made by a local adventure club.
To the west of Aizawl sprawls a prominent mountain on which Reiek village is located and is on the 5110 ft high from sea level. This is one destination that one should not miss visiting. The mountain itself, though appearing to be of gentle slopes on its eastern sides has spectacular rocky cliffs notched with caves and caverns on the northern and western sides. Moreover, it is still largely covered with luxuriant natural forests preserved since the days of the chiefs. It is only an hour’s drive from Aizawl. The mountain road takes one through the lush green hills, crosses the Tlawng River as it gushes through a narrow rocky gorge, and then climbs up the hills winding up gradually making for a comfortable drive, during which one comes across a few cascades which are a photographer’s delight.
Zokhua (Typical Mizo Village):
Typical Mizo Village is located at Reiek, 35 kms from Aizawl (Capital of Mizoram). Anthurium festival is held every year at the Typical Mizo Village. It is built complete down to the last eaves, with the chieftain’s house, the house of the generals and knights, a bachelor’s dormitory called Zawlbuk. Visiting this spot will let you imagine the early Mizo village and their houses, their way of living and so on.
Mizoram State Museum:
Mizoram State Museum is located at McDonald Hill, the centre of the Capital City, Aizawl and is owned and maintained by the Govt. of Mizoram. This small and interesting museum gives a good insight into Mizo traditions, culture and history. The variety of objects are exhibited here which are not usually found elsewhere. The tribal attributes of Mizoram are showcased in a separate gallery. There are rare objects, sculptures, artifacts, musical instruments, weapons, woodcrafts on display that show the rich cultural heritage of the tribes.
This Multipurpose Museum was built in the year 1977. Visiting Hours :- on Tuesday – Friday, 10 am – 4 pm; on Monday and Saturday, 10 am – 2 pm; Sunday (Closed).
Samaritan Riangvaite Run:
The Samaritan Riangvaite Run is an orphanage home established by individual. It is also a rehabilitation centre for mentally challenged people.
Chana Pawl is a religious sect settled at Baktawng village, about 70 kms from Aizawl City. The members of the sect do not mind being called a religious sect because they take pride in nurturing the legacy of ‘Lalpa Kohhran’ (God’s church) founded by their ‘godfather’ Chana in 1966. Chana, who was said to have married over 20 women died in 1997; after him the legacy of ‘Lalpa Kohhran’ was carried on by his eldest son Ziona. Sixty four-five old Ziona, married to 47 wives and father of over 100 children, is responsible for the spiritual, social and economic welfare of all his family members.
The Mizo community believed that Ziona’s family to be the largest joint family in the world, Zion looks after over 180 family members. There are many more family enrolled in the sect that was founded by Chana known simply as Pu Chana Pawl.
The administration of the settlement is so complete that besides the religious aspect of the unit, the Lalpa Kohhran family have their own school called Chhuanthar Students Home (Class V to Class X), a playground they call Chhuanthar Stadium, carpentry workshops, piggery farm, poultry farm, paddy fields and a vegetable garden big enough to feed the entire family.
Vantawngkhawhthla (13th Highest Waterfall in India):
The Vantawngkhawhthla (also called Vantawng Falls) is the highest waterfall in Mizoram (750 ft.) and 13th highest waterfalls in India. It is located 5 kilometres (3.1 miles) south of Thenzawl in Serchhip District, about 137 kilometres (85 miles) from the Capital City, Aizawl. This fall is surrounded by a lush green tropical forest filled with bamboo groves.
If you can’t get enough of it you can stay overnight for it is equipped with a cafeteria and cottage for hire. Sight-seeing in Mizoram remains incomplete without a visit to the Vantawng Falls.
The waterfall creates a seven storied cliff on its descent. The aesthetic beauty of the cliff with the plunging waterfall lures tourists who frequently visit the region. The waters make a gurgling sound on the way down, splashing stray droplets of water on the face of the tourists who stand underneath to watch the descent of the Vantawng Falls.
Hmuifang Tourist Resort:
Located 50 kilometres south of Aizawl, Hmuifang Resort is being developed as a tourist centre. Hmuifang hill is about 5000ft high above sea level. The hill range runs north to south and most of the western side is almost vertical and could be quite challenging for adventure tourists. There is Cafeteria and Cottages available for night stay which have been constructed and maintained by Department of Tourism, Govt. of Mizoram.
You can explore flora and fauna and rare tropical insects and animals. This rare Redneck Keelback a non-venomous snake can also be found around the Resort. For expert rare amphibians and lizards can also be seen.
Lungleng Lal Sulhnu (Khamliana’s Palace):
Khamliana was the Chief of Lungleng village. During his rule, he set many Records in Mizoram. His Palace was built in 1915 and it is the First Mizo House built with tin roofing and timber wall. The entire wall was covered with bulletproof copper. Some photos and his letter (manuscript) are displayed. Khamliana’s table and throne, wall hook and drawer, the first of its kind for Mizos are also still preserved.
Khamliana was the first Mizo literate Chief, he wrote the First hand written letter of Mizos and sent it to Queen Victoria on June 16, 1894 as a congratulatory message for the latter’s 60th Birth Anniversary.
Grape Cultivation & Winery:
Locally brewed grape-wine “Zawlaidi”, which literally means ‘love pot’ which hit the market recently is facing hurdles in its bid to quench the thirst of the people of Mizoram. Hnahlan village is the home of Grapes Cultivation and winery in Mizoram and is located at the Indo-Myanmar Border, . They aim to produce two lakh bottles of wine in 2010-11. In Hnahlan, nearly 70 percent of the population is engaged in growing grapes, mostly of the Labrusca variety, from which Zawlaidi (the labeled name of Grape Wine) is made. The Hnahlan Grape Growers Society claims that it has earned revenue of Rs. 83 Lakhs from selling Zawlaidi as on December 18, 2010. There are 14 licensed vendors across the state who sell the wine. An alcohol content of 14 percent is high when compared with beer (6 percent) and other wines (12 percent).
Wine-making is a huge leap for Mizoram. But not everyone thinks that it is a proud milestone on the path to progress. In Bawngkawn locality of Aizawl, the clergy has protested against the introduction of wine. “The alcohol content in Zawlaidi is as high as 14 percent. It will have as bad an effect as any other alcohol. How can this be allowed?” asks a priest. However, it is very challenging to visit the home of grape wine which is in a critical situation at the moment.
During the Second World War, the Japanese military campaign reached Mizoram and occupied villages of Khuangphah, Darkhai and Teikhang on the then Lushai Hills (Mizoram)-Burma border. The Japanese Troops hoisted Japanese Flag at the Palace of Khuangphah Chief, Lalthantuma. But Lalthantuma said that he didn’t allow hoisting Japanese flag at his village, so he furled the flag at night. The next day, the Japanese Troops came and asked him why he furl the flag, Lalthantuma bravely answered, “This place is not Japan, it’s my village,” fortunately he was not killed because the Japanese Troops admired his courage. When the British Government came to know the incident, it appreciated the bravery of Lalthantuma and gave him a Rifle for reward. The moment Hiroshima was bombed, the Japanese Troops withdrew and marched back from this place.
Subhash Chandra Bose’s Statue:
The alleged death of Subhas Chandra Bose, the Supreme Commander of Azad Hind Fauz and Free India Legion in a plane crash in Taiwan on August 18, 1945, has long been the subject of dispute. The third Indian commission that was appointed for enquiring into this confirmed in its report tabled in parliament in May 2006, that Bose’s death was staged to facilitate an escape to the USSR.
Conspiracy theories abound regarding Netaji’s death. It is alleged that both the Congress leadership and the government were tense about the impact of Subhash Chandra’s possible return to India. They believed that in such a circumstance, it would be impossible for the Congress or anybody to stop him from coming to power give the way he was worshipped by the common people.
At the same time, some villagers of Indo-Myanmar border in Mizoram claimed that they saw Netaji alive in this region after his death was publicized by the media. His statue was then erected in Khuangphah village, around 64 kms from the border town, Champhai (around 258 from Aizawl, the capital city).
The most significant lake in Mizo history Rih Dil is ironically located in Burma, about 3 kms from the Indo-Myanmar border. It was believed that the departed souls pass through this lake before making their way to Pialral or heaven.
The Mizos in the past believed that the ‘other world’ was divided into two, and that all spirits went to a place called ‘Mitthi khua’ (village of the deaths), then some moved on to ‘Pialral’ (heaven); but to reach their eternal abodes, they had to pass through the lake Rih Dil.
According to the legend, after crossing the Rih lake, the spirits/souls reached a hill called ‘Hringlang Tlang’, where they looked back at their village and wept for days longing for the world they had left behind. In this mythical hill, there is spring water called ‘Lunglohtui’, which they drank to quench their thirst and this made them forgot all about their past life. The hill is also said to be full of flowers called ‘Hawilopar’, which they pluck and wore in their ears and hair and this made them forgot their desire to return to their loved ones and they proceeded to ‘Pawla Kawt’ and then on to the dead men’s village called ‘Mitthi Khua’.
The dead men’s village ‘Mitthi Khua’ is where the common people settled, living just like they did in their past lives. But beyond that village exist a place called ‘Pialral’ or Paradise, where only the men and families who earned the title called ‘Thangchuah’ through their piousness and having sacrificed animals and given the community feast could enter the paradise much to the envy of the people who had to settle in Mitthi Khua where there is only hardship.
Even though there was a village close to the lake and the adjacent lands on one side were cultivated, the first view of the heart shaped lake struck one with its sheer beauty and the stillness of its waters. One had to close one’s eyes to imagine the landscape of long ago, of dense forest and rich animal life, including the legendary ‘Rih Ar’ (Rih Poultry) whose eggs could immobilise anyone who dared try taking them away. People are always apprehensive of swimming in the lake because of the myths and stories associated with it.
Border Trade Centre (Zokhawthar):
Development of border trade is one of the clauses enshrined in the Mizoram Peace Accord of 1986 signed between the MNF (which is now the party in Mizoram) and the Government of India. There has been considerable delay in implementing this invaluable clause of agreement which is the only course available to landlocked Mizoram for accelerated economic development.
The sincere efforts made jointly by the Government of India and Government of Mizoram has enabled the construction of Land Customs Stations (LCS) at Zokhawthar (28 kms from Champhai) on the extreme border with Myanmar. This Land Customs Station will house offices of Telecom, Bank, Postal, Immigration, Security and Trade & Commerce Department.
A police outpost has also been set up at Zokhawthar which shall provide security to the construction workers as well as the traders of the international border since September 2001.
The Government has also acquired 126.95 acres of land at Khawnuam (Melbuk) which is 8 Km from Zokhawthar for establishment of Indo-Myanmar Border Trade township. This township has been planned systematically for accommodating staff quarters/office buildings of Postal, Bank, Telecom, Security etc. and also construction of helipad, staff quarters, recreational facilities, godown etc. Community hall, play ground, health centre, rest house etc. has already been constructed in the border trade township. The 47th North Eastern Council Meeting also approved a sum of Rs. 9.31 Crores for setting up of Special Economic Zone at Khawnuam during 10th Plan of NEC Schemes.
Bailey bridge between India and Myanmar at Zokhawthar which was constructed by Govt. of Mizoram is the linkage of India and Myanmar, it is of two colours, white (India) and red (Myanmar).
You can get one day visa at the border with Rs. 10 for entry to Myanmar and visit to Rih Lake.
A group calling themselves “Kohhran Thianghlim” which literally means “The Holy Church”, is building a magnificent structure called “Solomon’s Temple” in Aizawl, the capital of the Christian state of Mizoram, in North East India. This dedicated group is certainly putting much effort and money into this ambitious project. Could this be the temple that must be constructed before Christ’s return?
The Leader of Kohhran Thianghlim, Dr. L.B. Sailo received a word from the Holy Spirit in the year 1991, he was told to build a temple. It is further reported that the Holy Spirit instructed Dr. Sailo to build the same exactly as he told, in the structural design, size, height, shape, number of doors and windows, etc.
The Temple covers an area of 180ft. x 180ft., totally 32400 Sqft., a 30ft. wide Verandah surrounds the building. There are 12 main doors, 3 each in North, South, East and West directions which means that the Temple doesn’t have frontage or certain direction. There are 4 Pillars which have 7 Stars each on the top, this depicts the 7 Churches and 7 Apostles quoted in the Revelation 1:20 (from the Holy Bible). The Pillars have one Cross each. There are two Angels blowing trumpet near the entrance upon the Verandah. In all the 4 corners, there are 1 Tower each which have 1 Crown each ohn their top. 32 windows, 32 Ventilation and 32 Sky light are there. It is designed to be safe in wind force, earthquake, etc. It is designed that it would appear like a Cross from the sky.
The total budget estimated is Rs. 5 Crores and is planned to complete within 20 years. 14 years (1995-2009) is running on construction till date.
There is an exotic and romantic spot on the paddy field of Champhai named Mualbuhvum. It lies on the road side, 3 kms from Champhai town on way to Hnahlan village. Many people use to go to this place for evening stroll. Some visitors used to compare this spot with the country roads in West Virginia (USA).
Champhai Paddy Field:
Drive along the fertile plains of Champhai, 194 km from Aizawl to enjoy the stunning vista of emerald rice fields bordered by the smoky hills of Myanmar. This bustling commercial hub on the Indo-Myanmar borderline also attracts nature lovers by the droves.
Champhai Paddy Field is the largest flat and plain area in Mizoram. The main road that leads to Zokhawthar runs through the heart of this field. It is located just by the side of Champhai town and there is a good view from the uptown. There is one locality named Zotlang at the field, another tourist attraction lies here named Pine Hill covered by lush green forest. There is a school on top of this hill. You can feel the beauty of nature while passing through the forest to reach Pine Hill School.
Lianchhiari Lunglen Tlang:
This is a rocky ledge over a high cliff near the village of Dungtlang. Lianchhiari was a very pretty daughter of the great Dungtlang Chief. Unusually, Lianchhiari was in love with Chawngfianga, a Hnamchawm (son of a common citizen). Unexpectedly, the Chief also welcomed Chawngfianga to be his son-in-law. When Chawngfianga sent his delegate to propose for a marriage, the Chief promptly responded. But the delegate (Chief’s council of Minister) was jealous of Chawngfianga since he wished Lianchhiari to be his son’s bride and conspired against Chawngfianga. So, he told a lie to Chawngfianga that the delegation insulted the Chief and would be so dangerous for Chawngfiang’s life, and further advocated that Chawngfianga had to migrate to other village at the same night itself.
Without daring to find the truth, Chawngfianga migrated to Chhingzawl village. There was no communication facility in those days, no telephone, no letter. It was impossible for the two lovers to contact each other. Lianchhiari was shocked and heartbroken to hear that Chawngfianga has vanished the on that night. So then longing for him by sitting on the rocky ledge on a hill(cliff) side, she every time watched over Chhingzawl village with a hope that she might be able to see Chawngfianga strolling at the street. She neither did anything, nor took meal. So, this spot had been named “Lianchhiari Lunglen Tlang”.
On the way to the top just before reaching the rocky ledge, there is also a spot where Lianchhiari wove clothing by Mizo simple material. The spot is at about 56 kms from Champhai. One should feel the sad and touching love story while visiting this site surrounded by a good view of lush green hills.
There is also a memorial of eminent Mizo leaders on a spot few meters from Lianchhiari’s ledged stone uphill. Monuments are erected in honouring the Firsts amongst the Mizos, and also distinguished political and social leaders.
Hlakungpui Mual (Poets’ Square):
It is likely to say its name was coined as “Mizo Poets’ Square” to be a cultural heritage. Whoever visits the place may find that the natural beauty of the hills, rivers, flowers, plants and any kind of land features of Mizoram are the sources of our songs and sound articles. For this purpose, the so-called “Hlakungpui Mual” which literally means “Mizo Poets’ Square” was born to become a cultural heritage for the Mizo descendants.
As the Poets and Writers are worth to memorise, Khawbung Branch Young Mizo Association had taken initiative in 1983. For the first phase, the Committee resolved that the monuments of the two laureate poets — Patea and Damhauhva who are the natives of Khawbung village would be erected. The permission to inherit their skeletal remains for the Mizo Poets’ Square from their nearest relatives on 16.9.1983 and 28.10.1983 respectively was proffered to the Committee. Then, their skeletal remains were taken out from their original burial place to their present pyramidal monuments. To transform their dreams into reality, all efforts were taken by the Branch YMA and the natives of the Village Khawbung who were spread over different parts of the state and the neighbouring foreign countries. Then, their dreams came true on April 7 & 8, 1986. Till 2010, that is in the years — 1986, 1996 and 2006, the Celebration and erection of the memorial stones of poets and writers were carried out in which 12 writers and 17 poets have been already included.
Though the renovation and protection works have been in the hands of Khawbung Branch YMA, all the Mizo descendants are the real owners of the Mizo Poets’ Square.
Prominent and famous poets & writers to be included are selected on the basis of the following criteria:
Writers: Their works, at least 3/4, must be perpetual in the literature world of the Mizos.
Poets: Their songs/poems, at least 4/5 must be perpetual in the literature world of the Mizos.
Inclusion: Poets & Writers will be only possible to be included in the Poets’ Square after 5 years from the time of their death.
At the interval of 10 years when the Selection Committee has decided with reasonable parameters, the selectable poets and writers will be only included in the Poets’ Square. At the time of Silver/Golden Jubilee etc., the Celebration committee may decide. “Hlakungpui Mual” Silver Jubilee was celebrated on 6th & 7th April, 2001.
In ancient Mizo tradition, collecting water for household need is the responsibility of women. In Lamsial village, shortage of water was a big problem. In the only public water point, people used to make queue waiting for their turn to collect water. Fiara, son of a widow was always forced to step away from the queue. So, he was hunting for fresh water and to his great delight and astonishment, found a crystal clear source of water and it was later on named after him as “Fiara Tui”. Every morning and evening, he secretly went there with his girlfriend and took bath, and carried home sufficient water. The villagers were curious about the location. And after someday, they furtively followed Fiara and discovered the place.
One should not miss this water when visiting Mizoram since it is “The Purest and Most Delicious Spring Water in the World”.
Tan Tlang (Home of the Fairies called “Lasi”):
The mountain itself continues to be spectacular, majestic and changing colours as the sun moves across the sky, exuding an aura of mystery all around. It is 6356 ft high from the sea level and is located near Vaphai village which is around 85 km from Champhai town (around 280 km from Aizawl City). The rich hinterland, the abode of the pretty fairies called ‘Lasi’, the birds and the beasts had been decimated. No wonder the inhabitants had faded away without any trace, probably led by Chawngtinleri (Queen of Beautiful Fairies) herself to greener pastures, perhaps, to ‘Buannel Ram’, the paradise of the creatures of the forest.
It is said that the Supreme Commander of the Demons, Lalchungnunga settled here and commanded over the animals and other living things in the world. The exotic view of surrounding green hills including Myanmar Hills in the east would satisfied one’s enthusiasm to feel the beauty of nature and this particular spot which even the fairies chose to occupy.
Thasiama Se No Neihna:
This is a very small rocky mound that stands out precariously in the middle of thick vegetation and the top of the hillock may measure around 7.20 sqms, and all the sides are cliff. It is located near Vaphai village which is around 86 kms from Champhai, the border town. It is almost impossible to climb up even for human beings. The legend said that Thasiama, a long-lived man had beautiful girlfriend among the Fairies (authority over animals in Mizo history called “Lasi”) and then his pregnant mithun gave birth to a calf on the top of this mound. The Fairy had bestowed him a gift that his Mithun will multiply and make him prosperous. The Fairy used to guide Thasiama`s Mithun to this particular hill for safe delivery and guard it against the onslaught of tigers that haunt the area.
This is a miracle that the spot is gradually so popular and now YMA Branch of Chawngtui ‘E’ preserves it with upstairs steps and hand railing on the top. A visit to this site is a thrilling experience.
Lamsial Puk (Cave):
It is a cave to be reached after walking 3 ½ kms through the jungle from the main road between Vaphai and Farkawn villages. The path is downward slope. The cave is small and is located on the cliff-side. Here a number of skeletons had been discovered and no one is there to have knowledge of the existence of this bones. Farkawn Branch YMA preserves it and put the skeletons inside a coffin and visitors’ register pad is left. It is always assumed that many people lost their lives in a battle between two villages named Lamsial and Farkawn 300 years ago.
It is an extraordinary experience to visit this place with a jungle expedition.
Tlawng River, about 185 km long, is the longest river in the state of Mizoram. An important and useful river, it is also known as Dhaleswari or Katakha. Tlawng River passes through the Aizawl District and it flanks the western side of Aizawl City. It gives you an opportunity to go for fishing. You can try out your hand in fishing at Tlawng River.
The Tlawng Hydroelectric Project located in Aizawl district of Mizoram envisages utilization of the waters of the river Dhaleshwari, for power generation as a storage type development, harnessing a gross head of about 137 m. The diversion site is located at Latitude 23o 38’ 13” N and Longitude 92o39’10” E. The dam site is approachable from Lungleng which is 25 km from Aizawl.
From Aizawl, visitors can enjoy the stunning vistas of the lush emerald Tlawng River Valley in the west and the Turial River Valley in the east. Facing north, the rugged visage of the beautiful high craggy hills of Durtlang are encountered, another slice of Mizoram’s legendry natural beauty. Water rafting is the enthusiasm of many adventure clubs in this river.
Phawngpui (Blue Mountain):
One of the finest encounters with Mizoram’s splendid vistas is Phawngpui (The Blue Mountain), its highest peak, which is extremely popular with trekkers and adventure enthusiasts. The Blue Mountain, as it is often referred to, is 300 km from Aizawl and close to the Myanmar border. Fragrant herbs and rare species of orchids and rhododendrons are found here.
Under the protection of State Government’s conservation programme, entry is monitored, but allows access to trekkers, picnickers and campers. Accommodation is available in Sangau and Vawmbuk village.
Phawngpui, the highest peak in Mizoram measuring 2,157 meters in height, the ridge stretches nearly 10 km in north south direction, it is surrounded by sheer precipices and cliff, and encircled by bamboo groves, is situated in Saiha district overlooking the bend of the river Chhimtuipui (Kolodyne) close to India’s border with Myanmar. There is a level ground of about 200 hectares, offers a grand view of the height hills and the meandering undulated valleys. The woods around are home to various rare species of flora and fauna. Besides, Phawngpui, the Blue Mountain of Mizoram is a highly revered peak, believed to be the abode of the Gods. When you reach the Phawngpui Peak, you can obtain the most enchanting view of Mizoram.
Phawngpui is declared as National Park (Wildlife Sanctuary) by the Govt. of India. The total area of the Park is 50 Sq. Km. The important wild animals and birds found in this Park are Ghoral, Serrow, Barking deer, Sambar, Leopard, Blyth’s tragopan, Kaelej Pheasant, Hoolock Gibbon, Common Langur, Rhesus macaque, Stump tail macaque and variety of birds and orchids.
Chimtuipui also known as Kolodyne River is the biggest river in Mizoram. It originates in Myanmar, is an important river in the south Mizoram. It has four tributaries and the river is in patches. The Western part is drained by Karnaphuli (Khawthlang tuipui) and its tributaries. A number of important towns including Chittagong in Bangladesh is situated at the mouth of the river. Before Independence, access to other parts of the country was possible only through the river routes via Cachar in the north, and via Chittagong in the South.
This river was recently in the news because of the fact that the National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) has signed an agreement with the Mizoram Government for execution of 460 mega watt Kolodyne Stage II Hydro Electric Power Project on the this river in Saiha and Lawngtlai Districts of Mizoram.
Chhimtuipui River forms a natural boundary between Mizoram and Maynmar (Burma). The scene was quite breathtaking with mountains everywhere, till one’s eyes could stretch. It is an ideal river for rafting, some adventure clubs have successfully organized farting in this river.
Chhimtuipui River serves as perfect spots for travelers looking forward to angling opportunities. It also offers Salmon, local trout and catfish to grab onto. Keep your hassles aside and relax and unwind in the perfect surroundings. The views of valleys between the hills present a visual treat before you.
Under the bilateral agreement between Government of India and Government of Myanmar, there is a proposal to develop a trade route between the two countries along the river “Chhimtuipui” inside Indian border (Mizoram State). Chhimtuipui emanates from central Mizoram and empties into Bay of Bengal at Sittwe, a port located in the State of Rakhine, Myanmar. The proposed road link from Kaletwa in Myanmar to Lawngtlai on NH-54 forms a part of the proposed development of trade route along the river Chhimtuipui between Mizoram (India) and Chin State in Myanmar.
There is a Deer Park at Thenzawl village which is around 130 km from the capital city, Aizawl. This Deer Park is recognized by the Govt. of India as Mini Zoo. There are 17 deers (11 stag and 6 hind) in this park. It is maintained by the Govt. of Mizoram, Environment & Forest Department. It is reported that a couple of deer escaped from the park, but when they eat the horticultural fruits and vegetables, the local people never hunted them. The local people are observing protection of wildlife. There is a good view of Thenzawl valley and the surrounding green hills from the Rest House besides the Park. Many tourists would not miss visiting this park and feel the beauty of nature by relaxing at the Rest House on the top of the hill .
In the Mizo folktale, we see the story of Chawngchilhi, who with her younger sister went to their field to guard their rice plants from birds every day. Their father used to pack for them a sumptuous lunch, enough for the both of them. Even so, the father noticed that the younger sister was getting thinner everyday and he was so greatly worried by this. One day he finally found the truth that Chawngchilhi had a Serpent for her lover. She let her sister call him in the day and when he came, they slept together completely naked. Her sister was so scared of this Serpent that she would run out of the farm house and was even unable to eat.
The father at once became angry and highly agitated to hear this. He took Chawngchilhi’s younger sister to the field with him. Once they reached the field, he sent the sister to go call Chawngchilhi’s lover as she always did. The sister went off and called the serpent; as soon as the Serpent heard the younger sister’s call, he majestically made his way to the farm house, expecting, as always, to spend time with Chawngchilhi but much contrary to his expectations, he found instead, Chawngchilhi’s father with a sharp Dao.
On finding that the sister had spoken true, the father cut the serpent into pieces in great anger. He buried the pieces beneath the farm house and its genitals inside the stove. The next day Chawngchilhi went with her sister to the field and heard from the snake’s spirit that her father had killed it. Beneath the farm house, she found pieces of its flesh and inside the stove, she found the genitals. Being so in love with the snake, she kept the genitals piece in her crotch and the sisters then set off for home. When they reached home, Chawngchilhi found her father lying at the foot of the door with his dao. She said, “Father, move away or I might spill dirt on you.” But her father was obstinate and he said, “I don’t mind the dirt of my children” and he would not move. As Chawngchilhi stepped over him, she did spill the snake organ she had kept in her crotch. As the organ hit her father, he got up in anger and killed Chawngchilhi with the same dao he had used on the snake.
But Chawngchilhi had already become pregnant by her serpent lover. When she was killed, several baby snakes made their way out of her body and started slithering towards the woods. Her father did his best to kill all the baby snakes and managed to do so except for one which escaped his knife. This solitary snake grew large and dangerous, often devouring human beings in later days. It lived in a cave which came to be called ‘Rulchawm Kua’, which can be seen to this day. In time, a new settlement grew in the area surrounding this cave and a village with the name ‘Rulchawm’ which literally means feeding the serpent, was thus born.
It is said that Chawngchilhi and her lover spent time together in the farm house, and sometimes in a cave. So the cave is called “Chawngchilhi Puk (Cave)” which is located near Thenzawl village, about 95 km from the capital city, Aizawl.
Murlen National Park:
The dense virgin forest Murlen National Park is always commented “Much better than the Amazon Forest” by the foreign tourists who visited this place. It is one of the best National Parks of Mizoram. It is situated about 245 km east of Aizawl. This park lies close to the Indo-Myanmar border and is significant because of its proximity to the Chin Hills. It covers an area of approximately 100 sq. km. The Tropical, Semi evergreen and Sub-montane Forests of Murlen are home to a rich variety of Flora and Fauna, about 15 species of mammals, 150 species of birds, 35 species of Medicinal plants. 2 species of bamboos & 4 species of orchids so far have been recorded in this Park.
The Important Natural features are »
• The Virgin forests of Chamdur
• Unique flora of semi-evergreen and Sub montane forests to scrub jungle.
• Forests interpolated with steep precipitous hills, high cliffs, rippling rivulets, natural salt Licks at altitudinal zone of 400 – 1897 Mts.
• Home for unique endangered Wild animals & variety of birds.
The vegetation is admixture of Quercus, Schima wallichai, Betula specie , Michelia champaca, Pinus Khasia, Prunus Myrica, Rhodendron, Arundinaria callosa, Canes and variety of orchids.
Tiger, Leopard, Sambar, Barking deer, Himalayan Black Bear, Serow, Hoolock gibbon, Rhesus macaque, Malayan giant, squirrel, Hume’s Pheasant, Kallej Pheasant, Common patridges, Hill myana, dark rumped swift.
Inspection hut with 2 rooms & 4 beds at Rabung Range H.Q. of Forest Dept.
PRESERVE NATURE »
The National Park is a protected reserve. The natural environment belongs to all of us and therefore should be enjoyed by everyone, as much as possible, not only now, but also in future years. It is also a responsibility shared by every one of us. This is the reason why certain regulations and a code of conduct have to be observed.
Dampa Tiger Reserve:
About 127 km from Aizawl, Dampa Tiger Reserve is situated in the western part of Mizoram of Mamit District. It covers an area of approximately 500 sq. km. The virgin forests of Dampa Tlang and Chhawrpial Tlang are the unique natural features of the sanctuary. Wild animals found in the Reserve are tiger, wild dog, giant squirrel, porcupine, slow loris, leopard, elephant, gaur (Indian Bison), sambar, barking deer, sloth bear, hoolock gibbon, leaf monkey, langur, rhesus macaque, jungle cat, wild boars and other rare species.
It is one of the major tourist attractions of Mizoram – particularly those fond of trekking and lovers of adventure sports. There are 10 villages around the Tiger reserve with a population of roughly 10,000 tribals mostly Mizo, Chakma, and Riang (Tuikuk) tribes.
At the end of February, when winter starts receding, the Mizos prepare the land for fresh planting. There are few days of relaxation before the serious business of sowing starts and that is when the Chapchar Kut festival is celebrated with gaiety and fervour. A spring festival, this is the most important festival and the only one regularly observed during the first week of March in Mizoram.
On this day people of all ages, young and old, men and women dressed in their colorful costumes and distinctive head gears and jewelries, assemble and perform various folk dances, singing traditional songs accompanied by beating of drums, gongs and cymbals.
They dance in joyous celebration of life, each team displaying the best of its region. These are generally group dances with a lot of bonhomie and courting woven into them. Some dances are strictly martial danced by strong virile warriors with their weapons and trophies.
One dance perennially popular is the Cheraw or the “bamboo dance” so called as long bamboo staves are used for this dance. This is the most colourful and distinctive dance of the Mizos requiring skill and an alert mind to perform.
The other main dances performed during Chapchar Kut are Khuallam, Chheihlam, Chai and Sarlamkai. “Khual Lam” is an auspicious dance performed by a group of dancers celebrating new beginnings. It is also a welcome dance for guests during community festivities. To attain a position of distinction, a Mizo had to go through a series of ceremonies and perform many feats of heroic deeds. These ceremonies are always accompanied by a feast and to this feast, friends from nearby villages are invited – hence, Khuallam is the dance for the visitors or guests.
The “Chheih lam” is another community dance performed by both men and women. The war dance “Solakia”, a prerogative of the male population of the community, is accompanied by rhythmic beating of the drums.
Exhibition and sale of indigenous Handloom and Handicraft products and other tourist attractions like flower show, food festival, musical competition and different traditional games are also organized during the Chapchar Kut festival.
Costume Parade that shows the evolution of traditional dresses year by year right from the yearly 1700’s is also performed. One should not miss this festive occasion to see the real culture and tradition of Mizos while visiting Mizoram in this season.
Mizoram celebrates the festival of “Thalfavang Kut” every November. This festival is celebrated after the completion of weeding of the land in preparation for the forthcoming harvesting season. This festival also depicts the cultural heritage and the traditional games of the Mizo. It has given the community an opportunity to come together and renew old bonds and ties.
Mizoram is extremely famous for its culture and natural beauty. Beautifully landscaped Mizoram is famous for its dances and festivals. There are a number of fairs and festivals celebrated in Mizoram.
Mizos practice what is known as ‘Jhum Cultivation’. They slash down the jungle, burn the trunks and leaves and cultivate the land. All their other activities revolve around the jhum operations and their festivals are all connected with such agriculture operations.
The festival of Thalfavang Kut is an extremely popular and widely celebrated festival in Mizoram. It is an annual festival, held in the month of November. Unlike other harvest festivals that are celebrated after the successful completion of harvest, the festival of Thalfavang Kut is celebrated before harvest.
Specifically speaking the festival is celebrated after the weeding is completed as a process of preparing the land for next harvest. It is also known as the “Autumn Festival”. Thalfavang Kut is extremely successful in depicting the cultural heritage of Mizoram. It also culminates the traditional games of Mizoram.
This festival is not only significant for its cultural aspects but also for the social ties it strengthens. The society through festivals like these gets an opportunity to renew their old ties and cherish the present social bonds.
Anthurium Festival, a two day extravaganza of Cultural dances, Folk and Modern Songs, Exhibition and sale of local produces and plenty more to provide upbeat entertainment is a new festival celebrated since the last three years back. It is always organised by Dept. of Tourism, Govt. of Mizoram in the month of September at Tourist Resort, Reiek only 35 Km away from Aizawl City.
The Festival is held at Reiek Mountain at a height of 1584 metres and only an hour’s drive from the state capital of Aizawl. The enchanting and mystic Reiek Mountain is around by thick lush green temperate trees and bushes that echo with legends, folklores and feats won by Mizo chief, for whom Reiek Mountain was a hunting preserve. Against the backdrop of this picture perfect isle of nature preserved as gifted by mother nature, one of the most popular festivals of Mizoram, Anthurium Festival is held every year. A festival that showcase past and present Mizoram with entertainments that will give you an experience of a lifetime. The spontaneity and spirit of celebration that the festival evoke rejuvenates the mind and the body, so, take the opportunity to get away from the stress and monotony of your daily chores. Visit Mizoram and participate at Anthurium Festival.
Last Year’s Anthurium Festival was inaugurated by His Excellency, Lt. Gen. (Retd.) M.M. Lakhera, Governor of Mizoram on the first day, and was closed by Hon’ble Minister of Tourism, Mr. Hiato on the last day. Like this, the Festival is occupying an important place in the heart of the top officials and the common men now a day in Mizoram.
Mawmrang Hill ranges in the middle of Chalfilh and Sialkal ranges in Champhai District; it is 1812 m high above sea level. Mawmrang Hill is located near Pawlrang village which could be reached after turing left at Kawlkulh village towards Manipur Road, about 150 km from the capital city, Aizawl.
Donot miss taking sunset lit Mawmrang hill range and with a good zoom you may be able to capture Lengteng famous mountain, haven for wild life near Ngopa village. By night you will see twinkling spotted lights – these are villages scattered all over and the big one on the west will be Aizawl city.
Kungawrhi Kua and Lam Thuamthum:
In Mizo folk-tale, Kungawrhi (pretty girl) had been abducted by Khuavang (Guardian Spirits in a Mizo folktales) and was rescued by Pawthira and Hrangchala (legendary hunters) and they stayed with her at night at Lamthuamthum (three paths joining together) where Khuavang again recaptured Kungawrhi for the bride of their master and pulled her into a hole. It is said that inside this hole, there was a big and decent village or town in which Khuavangs lived. This hole is then called “Kungawrhi Kua or Puk”. This place is at the nothern edge of Farkawn village.